Impact of Bone Augmentation of Facial Bone Defect around Osseointegrated Implant: A Three Dimensional Finite Element Analysis

Dent J (Basel). 2021 Oct 3;9(10):114. doi: 10.3390/dj9100114.


(1) Background: When dental implants are placed at the esthetic zone, facial bone fenestration might be expected. This study aimed to evaluate the biomechanical effect of bone augmentation around implants with facial bone fenestration defects using the finite element method. (2) Methods: An anterior maxillary region model with facial concavity was constructed with a threaded implant inserted following the root direction, resulting in apical threads exposure to represent the fenestration model. Several bone coverage levels were simulated by gradually shifting the deepest concavity point buccally, mimicking bone augmentation surgeries with different bone fill results. Oblique forces were applied, and analysis was performed. (3) Results: Peak compressive stress magnitude and distribution varied according to the level of exposure and facial concavity depth. The fenestration model demonstrated a slightly lower peak peri-implant bone stress, smaller implant displacement, and smaller bone volume with strain levels above 200 µ strain. A gradual increase in compressive stress, implant displacement, and bone volume exhibited strain level above 200 µ strain was observed with the increased bone fill level of the facial bone fenestration. (4) Conclusions: Exposure of implants apical threads at the maxillary anterior region does not significantly affect the peri-implant stress and strain results. However, increasing the buccolingual width and eliminating the buccal concavity might increase the peri-implant bone volume exhibited favorable loading levels.

Keywords: dental implant; esthetic zone; fenestration; finite element analysis; strain.