Use of a Plasma-Sprayed Titanium-Hydroxyapatite Femoral Stem in Hip Arthroplasty in Patients Older than 70 Years. Is Cementless Fixation a Reliable Option in the Elderly?

J Clin Med. 2021 Oct 15;10(20):4735. doi: 10.3390/jcm10204735.


Background: Although cementless implants are increasing in popularity, the use of cementless femoral stems for total hip arthroplasty (THA) and hip hemiarthroplasty (HH) in elderly patients remains controversial. The aim of this study was to report the outcomes of a cementless stem used in a large multicentric cohort of elderly patients receiving elective THA and HH for displaced femoral neck fracture.

Methods: A total of 293 patients (301 hips) aged 70 years or older (mean age, 78 years; range, 70-93) who received the same cementless plasma-sprayed porous titanium-hydroxyapatite stem were retrospectively evaluated after primary THA and HH to investigate stem survival, complications, and clinical and radiographic results.

Results: Cumulative stem survival was 98.5% (95% CI, 96.4-99.4%; 91 hips at risks) with revision due to any reason as the end-point at 10-year follow-up (mean 8.6 years, range 4-12). No stem was revised due to aseptic loosening. The mean Forgotten Joint Score was 98.7. Radiographically, the implants showed complete osseointegration, with slight stress-shieling signs in less than 10% of the hips.

Conclusion: The use of cementless stems was proven to be a reliable and versatile option even in elderly patients for elective THA and HH for femoral neck fracture.

Keywords: cementless stem; elderly patient; hip hemiarthroplasty; hydroxyapatite; plasma-spray; porous titanium; survival; total hip arthroplasty.