Impact of Hygrophila auriculata supplementary diets on the growth, survival, biochemical and haematological parameters in fingerlings of freshwater fish Cirrhinus mrigala (Hamilton, 1822)

Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2022 Jan:263:111097. doi: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2021.111097. Epub 2021 Oct 21.


The present study investigates the effects of Supplementary diet Hygrophila auriculata on the growth, survival, biochemical and haematological parameters of Cirrhinus mrigala. The seaweed was administered to the fish possessing an initial average weight of 14.063 ± 1.828 g. Fish were fed with supplementary diet H. auriculata exhibited significant difference (P < 0.05) in the growth performance, haematological indices such as RBC count, haematocrit volume, haemoglobin, WBC, MCV, MCH and MCHC concentration in contrast to the control after a period of 8 weeks. Also, there were significant differences in biochemical parameters (P < 0.05), between the fish supplemented with dietary H. auriculata extract and the control group. These findings suggest that the administration of H. auriculata extract has a positive effect on the immunological indices and the immune system activity in Mrigal fish.

Keywords: Biochemical and Haematology; C. mrigala; H. auriculata; Survival rate.

MeSH terms

  • Acanthaceae
  • Animal Feed*
  • Animals
  • Aquaculture
  • Cyprinidae / blood*
  • Cyprinidae / growth & development*
  • Cyprinidae / immunology
  • Diet*
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Fresh Water
  • Plants, Medicinal
  • Seaweed