Comparison of Sexual Function Before and After COVID-19 Infection in Female Patients

Cureus. 2021 Sep 21;13(9):e18156. doi: 10.7759/cureus.18156. eCollection 2021 Sep.


Introduction Ample data regarding the impact of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) on the pulmonary, nervous, and gastrointestinal systems are available. However, its impact on sexual performance is understudied. In this study, we will determine the impact of COVID-19 on the sexual performance of females. Methods This longitudinal study was conducted in the COVID-19 unit of a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan from June 2020 to March 2021. We enrolled 300 female patients admitted to the hospital due to severe COVID-19. Patients' female sexual function index (FSFI) scale was assessed at the time of discharge. Participants were asked to answer the question based on their sexual performance before they contracted COVID-19. They were asked to return after 60 days, where FSFI was assessed again. Results The mean FSFI score for participants before COVID-19 was significantly higher compared to the score 60 days after discharge (28.16 ± 1.9 vs. 24.43 ± 2.5; p-value: <0.0001). Participants who had FSFI score more than 26 were significantly higher before COVID-19 (72.5% vs. 51.0%; p-value: <0.0001). Conclusion There is a significant decline in sexual function of females, who had contracted COVID-19 infection. COVID-19 survivors should be counseled properly about the impact on the sexual function when discussing long-term complications of COVID-19.

Keywords: covid-19; libido; sars-cov-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus -2); sexual function; women fsfi.