Cell-free Translation: Preparation and Validation of Translation-competent Extracts from Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Bio Protoc. 2021 Sep 20;11(18):e4093. doi: 10.21769/BioProtoc.4093.


Cell-free translation is a powerful technique for in vitro protein synthesis. While cell-free translation platforms prepared from bacterial, plant, and mammalian cells are commercially available, yeast-based translation systems remain proprietary knowledge of individual labs. Here, we provide a detailed protocol for simple, fast, and cost-effective preparation of the translation-competent cell-free extract (CFE) from budding yeast. Our protocol streamlines steps combined from different procedures published over the last three decades and incorporates cryogenic lysis of yeast cells to produce a high yield of the translationally active material. We also describe techniques for the validation and troubleshooting of the quality and translational activity of the obtained yeast CFE. Graphic abstract: The flow of Cell-Free Extract (CFE) preparation procedure.

Keywords: Cell-free translation; Cryogenic lysis; Gel-filtration; Protein expression; RNA; Saccharomyces cerevisiae.