A Study On the Optoelectronic Parameters of Natural Dyes Extracted from Beetroot, Cabbage, Walnut, and Henna for Potential Applications in Organic Electronics

J Fluoresc. 2022 Jan;32(1):203-213. doi: 10.1007/s10895-021-02837-7. Epub 2021 Oct 25.

Abstract

In this work, the optoelectronic parameters of natural dyes extracted from beetroot, red cabbage, walnut leaves, and henna were comprehensively investigated, namely the optical energy gap (Eg), extinction coefficient (k), refractive index (n), dielectric constant ([Formula: see text], and optical conductivity ([Formula: see text]. Results showed a high refractive index, dielectric constant and optical conductivity ([Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text]) for the dye extracted from red cabbage, while minimum values of [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] were obtained for the henna dye. The transition type of the optical absorption of the dyes was found to be a direct allowed transition, which is taken place between the bonding and antibonding molecular energy levels. The reported results herein are essential in revealing the viability of these natural dyes for potential applications in organic electronics, including organic photovoltaics, photodiodes, and sensors.

Keywords: Beetroot; Cabbage; Henna; Natural dyes; Optoelectronic parameters; Walnut.