Genome-Wide Identification of LRR-RLK Family in Saccharum and Expression Analysis in Response to Biotic and Abiotic Stress

Curr Issues Mol Biol. 2021 Oct 18;43(3):1632-1651. doi: 10.3390/cimb43030116.

Abstract

The leucine-rich repeat receptor-like protein kinase (LRR-RLK) gene family is the largest family of the receptor-like protein kinases (RLKs) superfamily in higher plants, which is involved in regulating the plant growth and development, stress responses, signal transduction and so on. However, no comprehensive analyses of LRR-RLKs have been reported in sugarcane. Here, we performed a comprehensive analysis of the LRR-RLK gene family in sugarcane ancestor species Saccharum spontaneum. A total of 437 LRR-RLK genes were identified and categorized into 14 groups based on a maximum likelihood phylogenetic tree. The chromosome location showed an uneven distribution on all 32 chromosomes in sugarcane. Subsequently, the exon-intron organization structure and conserved motif arrangement were relatively conserved among the same groups or subgroups and between Arabidopsis and S. spontaneum genomes. Furthermore, the promoter sequences analyses showed that sugarcane LRR-RLK genes (SsLRR-RLKs) were strongly regulated by various environmental stimuli, phytohormonal factors and transcription factors (TFs). Eventually, the expression profiles of SsLRR-RLK genes at different stresses were analyzed based on RNA-seq data, suggesting their potential roles in the regulation of sugarcane responses to diverse abiotic and biotic stress. Overall, the findings provide insight into the potential functional roles and lay the foundation for further functional study.

Keywords: LRR-RLK gene family; Saccharum; bioinformatics; gene expression analysis; molecular evolution; stress response.