The Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology (CSCO) clinical guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma

Cancer Commun (Lond). 2021 Nov;41(11):1195-1227. doi: 10.1002/cac2.12218. Epub 2021 Oct 26.


Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a malignant epithelial tumor originating in the nasopharynx and has a high incidence in Southeast Asia and North Africa. To develop these comprehensive guidelines for the diagnosis and management of NPC, the Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology (CSCO) arranged a multi-disciplinary team comprising of experts from all sub-specialties of NPC to write, discuss, and revise the guidelines. Based on the findings of evidence-based medicine in China and abroad, domestic experts have iteratively developed these guidelines to provide proper management of NPC. Overall, the guidelines describe the screening, clinical and pathological diagnosis, staging and risk assessment, therapies, and follow-up of NPC, which aim to improve the management of NPC.

Keywords: CSCO; Chemotherapy; Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology; Diagnosis; Immunotherapy; Nasopharyngeal carcinoma; Radiotherapy; Risk; Staging; Surgery.

MeSH terms

  • China
  • Humans
  • Medical Oncology
  • Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma / diagnosis
  • Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma / therapy
  • Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms* / diagnosis
  • Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms* / therapy