Hepatitis C mortality trends in San Francisco: can we reach elimination targets?

Ann Epidemiol. 2022 Jan:65:59-64. doi: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2021.10.004. Epub 2021 Oct 23.


Purpose: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the most common blood-borne infection in the United States, and a leading cause of liver disease, transplant, and mortality. CDC HCV elimination goals include reducing HCV-related mortality by 65% (from 2015) by 2030.

Methods: We used vital registry data (CDC WONDER) to estimate overall and demographic-specific HCV-related mortality from 1999 to 2019 in San Francisco and then used an exponential model to project progress toward HCV elimination. Local trends were compared to state and national trends.

Results: Between 1999 and 2019, there were 1819 HCV-related deaths in San Francisco, representing an overall age-adjusted mortality rate of 9.4 (95% CI 9.0, 9.9) per 100,000 population. The age-adjusted HCV-related mortality rates were significantly higher among males (13.7), persons aged 55 years and older (28.0), Black and/or African Americans (32.2) compared to other racial groups, and Hispanic/Latinos (11.6) compared to non-Hispanic and/or Latinos. Overall and in most subgroups, mortality rates were lowest between 2015 and 2019. Since 2015, San Francisco observed a significantly larger reduction in agbe-adjusted HCV-related mortality than California or the U.S. Projected age-adjusted HCV-related mortality rates for San Francisco for 2020 and 2030 were 4.7 (95% CI 3.5, 6.2) and 1.1 (95% CI 0.7, 1.8), respectively.

Conclusions: Based on trends between 2015 and 2019, San Francisco, California, and the U.S. are projected to achieve 65% reduction in HCV-mortality at or before 2030. Based on current trends, San Francisco is projected to achieve this goal earlier.

Keywords: Hcv elimination targets; Hepatitis c; Mortality.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Black or African American
  • Hepacivirus*
  • Hepatitis C* / epidemiology
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • San Francisco / epidemiology
  • United States / epidemiology