Determinants of workers' well-being during the COVID-19 outbreak: An exploratory study

Curr Psychol. 2023;42(10):8595-8614. doi: 10.1007/s12144-021-02408-w. Epub 2021 Oct 22.


Inspired by the Conservation of Resource theory (Hobfoll, 1989), this study investigated the role of a broad set of personal vulnerabilities, social, and work-related stressors and resources as predictors of workers' well-being during the COVID-19 outbreak. Participants were 594 workers in Italy. Results showed that personality predispostions, such as positivity, neuroticism and conscientiousness as well as key aspects of the individuals' relationship with their work (such as job insecurity, type of employment contract or trust in the organization) emerged as factors promoting (or hampering) workers' adjustment during the COVID -19 outbreak. Interactions between stressors and resources were also found and discussed.

Supplementary information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s12144-021-02408-w.

Keywords: COVID-19; Resources; Stressors; Well-being; Workers.