To investigate the incidence rate, clinical and gene mutation characteristics of multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MADD) in newborns in Zhejiang province. A total of 3 896 789 newborns were screened for MADD using tandem mass spectrometry in Zhejiang Neonatal Screening Center during January 2009 and December 2020. Patients of MADD were confirmed by urine organic acid and electron transferring flavoprotein (or electron transferring flavoprotein dehydrogenase () gene detection. MADD patients were given diet and life management, supplemented with L-carnitine, riboflavin and coenzyme Q 10 treatment, and their growth and intellectual development were evaluated during the followed up.Thirteen patients with MADD were diagnosed, with an incidence of 1/299 753. One patient was type Ⅱ, and the rest were type Ⅲ. Patients were followed up for 1 case died, 4 cases had acute metabolic disorders with hypoglycemia as the main manifestation due to infection, 1 case had hypotonia, and the rest 7 cases developed well. Patients had raised levels of C4-C18:1 acylcarnitines in the initial screening. Thirteen children were genetically tested, 1 case with compound heterozygous mutation in the gene, 1 case with homozygous mutation in the gene, 1 case with compound heterozygous mutation in the gene, 8 cases with compound heterozygous mutation and 1 case with homozygous mutation in the gene, 1 case that only 1 locus of gene was detected. The c.250G>A was the hotspot mutation in this study.The clinical manifestations of MADD are highly heterogeneous. The neonatal-onset form is serious, and late onset form usually has no obvious clinical symptoms. C4-C18:1 acylcarnitines usually increased in the initial screening, and the hotspot gene mutation is c.250G>A.
Keywords: Electron transferring flavoprotein; Electron transferring flavoprotein dehydrogenase; Multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency; Neonatal screening; Tandem mass spectrometry.