The effect of a nurse-led intervention program on compassion fatigue, burnout, compassion satisfaction, and psychological distress in nurses: A randomized controlled trial

Perspect Psychiatr Care. 2022 Oct;58(4):1576-1586. doi: 10.1111/ppc.12965. Epub 2021 Oct 27.

Abstract

Purpose: This study evaluated the effect of a nurse-led intervention program on compassion fatigue, burnout, compassion satisfaction, and psychological distress in nurses.

Design and methods: A randomized controlled trial was conducted. A total of 48 clinical nurses were randomly allocated to intervention or control groups. The nurse-led intervention program was based on a cognitive-behavioral approach. The study outcomes were compassion fatigue, burnout, compassion satisfaction, and psychological distress.

Findings: It was determined that the psychological distress scores of the nurses participating in the program at the first follow-up were significantly lower than the control group. There was no significant difference between the groups in terms of compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction.

Practical implications: To reduce the psychological distress of nurses, cognitive behavioral approach-based programs can be useful.

Keywords: burnout; cognitive-behavioral approach; compassion fatigue; nursing; psychological distress.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Burnout, Professional* / prevention & control
  • Burnout, Professional* / psychology
  • Compassion Fatigue* / psychology
  • Empathy
  • Humans
  • Job Satisfaction
  • Nurse's Role
  • Personal Satisfaction
  • Psychological Distress*
  • Quality of Life
  • Surveys and Questionnaires