Expanding the phenotype of SLC12A6-associated sensorimotor neuropathy

BMJ Case Rep. 2021 Oct 27;14(10):e244641. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2021-244641.


Hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy with agenesis of the corpus callosum (HMSN/ACC) is a rare autosomal recessive condition characterised by early-onset severe progressive neuropathy, variable degrees of ACC and cognitive impairment. Mutations in SLC12A6 (solute carrier family 12, member 6) encoding the K+-Cl- transporter KCC3 have been identified as the genetic cause of HMSN/ACC. We describe fraternal twins with compound heterozygous mutations in SLC12A6 and much milder phenotype than usually described. Neither of our patients requires assistance to walk. The female twin is still running and has a normal intellect. Charcot-Marie-Tooth Examination Score 2 was 8/28 in the brother and 5/28 in the sister. Neurophysiology demonstrated a length-dependent sensorimotor neuropathy. MRI brain showed normal corpus callosum. Genetic analysis revealed compound heterozygous mutations in SLC12A6, including a whole gene deletion. These cases expand the clinical and genetic phenotype of this rare condition and highlight the importance of careful clinical phenotyping.

Keywords: clinical neurophysiology; neuro genetics; peripheral nerve disease.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Agenesis of Corpus Callosum
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mutation
  • Phenotype
  • Symporters* / genetics
  • Twins


  • SLC12A6 protein, human
  • Symporters