Plant immunity to pathogen infections is a dynamic response that involves multiple organelles and defence signalling systems such as hypersensitive response (HR) and systemic acquired resistance (SAR). The latter requires the function of Pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins, a common plant protein family with diverse roles in plant innate immunity. Our previous proteomics study showed that a PR gene (ITC1587_Bchr9_P26466_MUSBA) was differentially regulated during a compatible banana-M. incognita interaction, substantiating the isolation of this gene in the current study. Here, we successfully isolated and characterised Pathogenesis-related-10 (PR10) gene with β-1,3-glucanase and ribonuclease (RNase) activities from two Musa acuminata cultivars (denoted as MaPR10) namely Berangan and Grand Naine (ITC1256). We found that MaPR10 cloned sequences possess glycine-rich loop domain and shared conserved motifs specific to PR10 gene group, confirming its identity as a member of this group. Interestingly, we also found a catalytic domain sequence for glycoside hydrolase family 16 (EXDXXE), unique only to MaPR10 cloned sequences. Two peptide variants closely related to the reference sequence ITC1587_Bchr9_P26466_MUSBA namely MaPR10-BeB5 and MaPR10-GNA5 were overexpressed and purified to test for their functionality. Here, we confirmed that both protein variants possess β-1,3-glucanase and ribonuclease (RNase) activities, and inhibit the growth of Aspergillus fumigatus, a human opportunistic pathogen. To our knowledge, this is the first PR10 plant proteins with such properties to be reported thus far.
Keywords: Antifungal enzyme; Aspergillus fumigatus; Meloidogyne incognita; Musa spp.; Pathogenesis-related-10 gene; Ribonuclease; β-1,3-Glucanase.
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