The treatment of adult cervical deformity continues to be complex with high complication rates. However there are many new advancements and overall patients do well following surgical correction. To date there are now many types of cervical deformity that have been classified and there exists a variety of surgical options. These recent advances have been developed in the last few years and the field continues to grow at a rapid rate. Thus, the goal of this article is to provide an updated review of cervical sagittal balance including; cervical alignment parameters, deformity classification, clinical evaluation, with both conservative and surgical treatment options.
Keywords: cervical deformity; cervical sagittal balance; clinical evaluation; complications; surgical technique.