Temperature dependence of quantum oscillations from non-parabolic dispersions

Nat Commun. 2021 Oct 28;12(1):6213. doi: 10.1038/s41467-021-26450-1.


The phase offset of quantum oscillations is commonly used to experimentally diagnose topologically nontrivial Fermi surfaces. This methodology, however, is inconclusive for spin-orbit-coupled metals where π-phase-shifts can also arise from non-topological origins. Here, we show that the linear dispersion in topological metals leads to a T2-temperature correction to the oscillation frequency that is absent for parabolic dispersions. We confirm this effect experimentally in the Dirac semi-metal Cd3As2 and the multiband Dirac metal LaRhIn5. Both materials match a tuning-parameter-free theoretical prediction, emphasizing their unified origin. For topologically trivial Bi2O2Se, no frequency shift associated to linear bands is observed as expected. However, the π-phase shift in Bi2O2Se would lead to a false positive in a Landau-fan plot analysis. Our frequency-focused methodology does not require any input from ab-initio calculations, and hence is promising for identifying correlated topological materials.