Brain Fog: A Bit of Clarity Regarding Etiology, Prognosis, and Treatment

J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv. 2021 Nov;59(11):9-13. doi: 10.3928/02793695-20211013-01. Epub 2021 Nov 1.


Brain fog is a lay term used to describe cognitive difficulties. Brain fog can be a response to lack of sleep, poor nutrition, medications, or drugs; however, the term is often used to describe the subjective experience of neuroinflammation. Chronic low-level inflammation is the most detrimental to the mind and body. The purpose of the current article is to examine the mechanisms, associated symptoms, and treatments for neuroinflammation and brain fog. The state of the science is lacking evidence for specific treatments targeting the mechanisms/pathways of neuroinflammation for precision-based care, yet there are pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions that can reduce inflammation and improve functioning. [Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 59(11), 9-13.].

MeSH terms

  • Brain*
  • Humans
  • Prognosis