UC is a chronic, nonspecific disease and characterized by a chronic relapsing intestinal inflammation, which puts a person at a higher risk of developing bowel cancer, while the causes of UC are unknown. Recently, with the development of microarray technology, more and more studies are focusing on the potential roles of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in the pathogenesis of diseases. The purpose of this study is to devise a method, based on cDNA microarray probe genomics data, to computationally determine the potential function of evolutionary conserved lncRNAs in ulcerative colitis (UC). We analysed a total of 12,593 microarray probes present in the Ensembl, OMIM, UniGene, and Gene Ontology databases. We found that lncRNA n385775 was significantly higher (P < 0.001) in patients with active UC, while n336281 (P = 0.017), n341081 (P = 0.041), and n387236 (P = 0.006) were significantly lower. Then, we validated our findings by measuring the expression of lncRNAs in colon tissue samples from patients affected by UC. Moreover, we validated the expression pattern of the lncRNAs in two cell lines, Caco2/bbe and T84, treated with TNF-α. In Caco2/bbe cells, lncRNA n385775 was significantly upregulated after TNF-α treatment (P = 0.002). This study reports a novel method to re- annotate the transcriptome expression profile from existing cDNA microarray data as a potential approach to investigate the function of lncRNAs in UC.
Keywords: Long noncoding RNA; Microarray; Ulcerative colitis.
Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Inc.