Possible sources of ambient PM 10 inside Jadavpur University Campus, Kolkata

Environ Monit Assess. 2021 Nov 3;193(11):764. doi: 10.1007/s10661-021-09490-4.


High concentration of particulates in the university and research institutional campus can affect cognitive performance of students and researchers. However, studies on ambient particulate concentration in the campus of universities or research institutes are scarce. The ambient concentration of PM10 was measured in the campus of Jadavpur University, Kolkata, during two different seasons (S1: Post-monsoon; S2: Winter) to identify major sources of pollutant here. Significant seasonal variation of ambient PM10 was recorded in the campus. The average ambient PM10 concentration was recorded higher in S2 compared to S1 of the study period. Morphological characteristics of PM10 during the study period suggest that the roundness of particles was in the range of 0.66 to 0.68, whilst the mean spherical diameter suggests most of the PM10 particles were < 2.5 μ diameter. Based on factorial analysis, three factors were generated which includes factor 1: soil, building material and coal burning particles (53.76% of the variance); factor 2: particles from coal combustion (29.89% of the variance) and factor 3: particles from transport emission (16.33% of the variance). The study suggests that it is important to stop burning coal, reduce vehicular emission and reduce road dust resuspension around the campus to maintain the ambient PM10 concentration within the university campus during the post-monsoon and winter months.

Keywords: Ambient PM10; Particle characterisation; Seasonal variation; Source of PM10; University campus.

MeSH terms

  • Air Pollutants* / analysis
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Humans
  • Particle Size
  • Particulate Matter / analysis
  • Seasons
  • Universities*
  • Vehicle Emissions / analysis


  • Air Pollutants
  • Particulate Matter
  • Vehicle Emissions