Plant-based snacking: research and practical applications of pistachios for health benefits

J Nutr Sci. 2021 Oct 1:10:e87. doi: 10.1017/jns.2021.77. eCollection 2021.


Pistachio nuts are a nutrient-dense source of good quality plant protein, commonly consumed as a minimally processed snack food or ingredient. The present paper is based on a symposium held during the 13th FENS (Federation of European Nutrition Societies) 2019 conference in Dublin that explored recent research and practical applications of pistachios as a plant-based snack, in particular, for appetite control and healthy weight management; and for glycaemic control during pregnancy. Individual nut types, whilst similar in nutritional composition, have unique characteristics which may have a significant impact on potential health effects. Recognising this, the further purpose here is to explore future research needs for pistachios, based on work completed to date and the discussion that ensued among researchers at this event, in order to advance the full scope of health benefits from pistachios, in particular, taking into account of both sustainability and nutritional health.

Keywords: Appetite; BMI, body mass index; CI, confidence interval; CVD, cardiovascular disease; GDM, gestational diabetes mellitus; GIGT, gestational impaired glucose tolerance; GIP, gastric inhibitory polypeptide; Gestational diabetes; Nutrients; Pistachio nuts; Plant-based snacking; WWB, whole wheat bread.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Appetite Regulation
  • Nutritional Status
  • Nuts
  • Pistacia*
  • Snacks