Completion of single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy using the modified Konyang standard method

Surg Endosc. 2022 Jul;36(7):4992-5001. doi: 10.1007/s00464-021-08856-6. Epub 2021 Nov 3.


Background: To date, a surgical method for single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) has not been standardized. Therefore, this study aimed to introduce a standardized surgical method for SILC, in addition to reporting our experience over 10 years.

Methods: Patients who underwent SILC at a single institution between April 2010 and December 2019 were included in this study. We analyzed the patient demographics and surgical outcomes according to the surgical method used: phase 1 (Konyang standard method, KSM) comprising initial 3-channel SILC, phase 2 (modified KSM, mKSM) comprising 4-channel SILC with a snake retractor, and phase 3 (commercial mKSM, C-mKSM) using a commercial 4-channel port.

Results: Of 1372 patients (mean age, 51.3 years; 781 [56.9%] women), 418 (30.5%) surgeries were performed for acute cholecystitis (AC), 33 (2.4%) were converted to multiport or open cholecystectomy, and 49 (3.6%) developed postoperative complications. The mean operation time (OT) and length of postoperative hospital stay (LOS) were 51.9 min and 2.6 days, respectively. Overall, 325 patients underwent SILC with the KSM, 660 with the mKSM, and 387 with the C-mKSM. In the C-mKSM group, the number of patients with AC was the lowest (26.8% vs. 38.2% vs. 20.4%, p < 0.001) and the OT (51.7 min vs. 55.4 min vs. 46.1 min, p < 0.001), estimated blood loss (24.5 mL vs. 15.5 mL vs. 6.1 mL, p < 0.001), and LOS (2.8 days vs. 2.5 days vs. 2.3 days, p = 0.001) were significantly improved. The surgical outcomes were better in the non-AC group than in the AC group.

Conclusion: Based on our 10 year experience, C-mKSM is a safe and feasible method of SILC in selected patients, although there were lower percentage of patients with AC compared to other groups.

Keywords: Cholecystectomy; Laparoscopy; Single-incision.

MeSH terms

  • Cholecystectomy
  • Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic* / methods
  • Cholecystitis, Acute* / surgery
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Length of Stay
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Operative Time
  • Surgical Wound*
  • Treatment Outcome