Bifurcation lesions are frequently encountered, associated with greater procedural complexity and consequently are at higher risk for restenosis and stent thrombosis. Early trials in bifurcation percutaneous coronary intervention favored a provisional stenting approach, but contemporary randomized trials have highlighted potentially superior outcomes using a double-kiss crush technique in unprotected distal left main stem bifurcation lesions. Although the evidence is greatest for double-kiss crush, many operators favor a mini-crush or nano-crush single-kiss approach. In this review, the authors describe the iterations of the crush technique and the evidence for each and review general principles for bifurcation percutaneous coronary intervention.
Keywords: DK-crush; bifurcation; crush; mini-crush; nano-crush.
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