A growing body of evidence suggests that aggregated α-synuclein, the major constituent of Lewy bodies, plays a key role in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease and related α-synucleinopathies. Immunotherapies, both active and passive, against α-synuclein have been developed and are promising novel treatment strategies for such disorders. Here, we report on the humanization and pharmacological characteristics of ABBV-0805, a monoclonal antibody that exhibits a high selectivity for human aggregated α-synuclein and very low affinity for monomers. ABBV-0805 binds to a broad spectrum of soluble aggregated α-synuclein, including small and large aggregates of different conformations. Binding of ABBV-0805 to pathological α-synuclein was demonstrated in Lewy body-positive post mortem brains of Parkinson's disease patients. The functional potency of ABBV-0805 was demonstrated in several cellular assays, including Fcγ-receptor mediated uptake of soluble aggregated α-synuclein in microglia and inhibition of neurotoxicity in primary neurons. In vivo, the murine version of ABBV-0805 (mAb47) displayed significant dose-dependent decrease of α-synuclein aggregates in brain in several mouse models, both in prophylactic and therapeutic settings. In addition, mAb47 treatment of α-synuclein transgenic mice resulted in a significantly prolonged survival. ABBV-0805 selectively targets soluble toxic α-synuclein aggregates with a picomolar affinity and demonstrates excellent in vivo efficacy. Based on the strong preclinical findings described herein, ABBV-0805 has been progressed into clinical development as a potential disease-modifying treatment for Parkinson's disease.
Keywords: ABBV-0805; Clinical development; Humanized monoclonal antibody; Immunotherapy; Parkinson's disease; mAb47; α-Synuclein.
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