Integrated exposure-response analysis of efficacy and safety of lurbinectedin to support the dose regimen in small-cell lung cancer

Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2022 May;89(5):585-594. doi: 10.1007/s00280-021-04366-3. Epub 2021 Nov 5.


Purpose: These exposure-response (E-R) analyses integrated lurbinectedin effects on key efficacy and safety variables in relapsed SCLC to determine the adequacy of the dose regimen of 3.2 mg/m2 1-h intravenous infusion every 3 weeks (q3wk).

Methods: Logistic models and Cox regression analyses were applied to correlate lurbinectedin exposure metrics (AUCtot and AUCu) with efficacy and safety endpoints: objective response rate (ORR) and overall survival (OS) in SCLC patients (n = 99) treated in study B-005 with 3.2 mg/m2 q3wk, and incidence of grade 4 (G4) neutropenia and grade 3-4 (G ≥ 3) thrombocytopenia in a pool of cancer patients from single-agent phase I to III studies (n = 692) treated at a wide range of doses. A clinical utility index was used to assess the appropriateness of the selected dose.

Results: Effect of lurbinectedin AUCu on ORR best fitted to a sigmoid-maximal response (Emax) logistic model, where Emax was dependent on chemotherapy-free interval (CTFI). Cox regression analysis with OS found relationships with both CTFI and AUCu. An Emax logistic model for G4 neutropenia and a linear logistic model for G ≥ 3 thrombocytopenia, which retained platelets and albumin at baseline and body surface area, best fitted to AUCtot and AUCu. AUCu between approximately 1000 and 1700 ng·h/L provided the best benefit/risk ratio, and the dose of 3.2 mg/m2 provided median AUCu of 1400 ng·h/L, thus maximizing the proportion of patients within that lurbinectedin target exposure range.

Conclusions: The relationships evidenced in this integrated E-R analysis support a favorable benefit-risk profile for lurbinectedin 3.2 mg/m2 q3wk.

Trial registration: NCT02454972; registered May 27, 2015.

Keywords: Clinical utility index; Exposure–response; Lurbinectedin; Pharmacokinetics; Small-cell lung cancer.

Publication types

  • Clinical Study

MeSH terms

  • Carbolines* / adverse effects
  • Heterocyclic Compounds, 4 or More Rings* / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms* / drug therapy
  • Neutropenia / epidemiology
  • Small Cell Lung Carcinoma* / drug therapy
  • Thrombocytopenia / epidemiology


  • Carbolines
  • Heterocyclic Compounds, 4 or More Rings
  • PM 01183

Associated data