Severe presentation of non-ossifying fibroma of the femur in osteoglophonic dysplasia

BMJ Case Rep. 2021 Nov 5;14(11):e245415. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2021-245415.


Osteoglophonic dwarfism, also known as osteoglophonic dysplasia (OD), is an uncommon skeletal dysplasia with an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance, which equally affects boys and girls. OD is saliently featured by craniosynostosis, dysmorphic facial features, impacted mandibular teeth, rhizomelic limb shortening and non-ossifying fibromas habitually at the metaphyseal regions, which usually disappear after skeletal maturity. The long bones in OD are portrayed by this distinguishable 'hollowed-out' appearance with metaphyseal cystic defects that have a natural history of spontaneous resolution. We report a case of a rare and unusual presentation of OD in a 23-year-old woman whom has been diagnosed with OD during her early childhood. She presented with a progressively enlarging right thigh swelling associated with pain for the past 1 year. Her right femur plain radiograph revealed diffuse lysis of the whole femur with cortical thinning. MRI revealed multiple bilateral femur benign cystic lesion synonymous with a severe spectrum of OD. She was started on a trial of oral bisphosphonates, which led to a significant improvement in pain.

Keywords: congenital disorders; orthopaedics; paediatric oncology.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Femur / diagnostic imaging
  • Femur / pathology
  • Fibroma* / diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Mandible
  • Osteochondrodysplasias*
  • Young Adult

Supplementary concepts

  • Osteoglophonic dwarfism