Equivalent method for obtaining concrete age on the basis of electrical resistivity

Sci Rep. 2021 Nov 5;11(1):21720. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-00447-8.


Concrete age is the time since the moment water is added to the cement, and the age of concrete comprehensively reflects the physical properties of the concrete when curing under standard conditions. For concrete under nonstandard conditions, its physical properties are directly related to both its age and temperature history. The equivalent age of concrete is the time at which concrete under nonstandard conditions reaches the same state as concrete under standard conditions. Most equivalent methods, such as the Nurse-Saul function and the Arrhenius function, are based on a maturity index. However, the accuracy of these methods breaks down when the curing temperature range is wide. In this paper, the electrical resistivity of concrete is used as the index to determine the equivalent age of concrete. This method is based on the assumption that concrete with the same mixture proportions has the same electrical resistivity when the maturity of the concrete is the same, regardless of the curing history. The proposed method is advantageous because it can be performed in real time and is nondestructive. To constantly measure the electrical resistivity of concrete, an automatic data acquisition system is developed to monitor the electrical resistivity of concrete and reduce the error caused by polarization as much as possible. Then, a model for predicting the electrical resistivity of concrete under different curing temperatures is proposed to conveniently calculate the equivalent coefficient. Finally, the results calculated by the proposed equivalent method are compared with those of the standard method (Nurse-Saul equation), and the results of the proposed model are found to be more reasonable.