Live attenuated Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is the world's most widely used vaccine which is mainly administered for its protection against tuberculosis (TB), particularly in young children. However, since its initial use over 100years ago, it has also proven to offer a level of protection against various other pathogens, as a consequence of its non-specific immune enhancing effects. Thus, over the past few decades, recombinant BCG (rBCG) technology has been used as a vector to create rBCG vaccines expressing heterologous antigens that elicit immunity against a range of bacterial, viral, and parasitic diseases. Our goal with this mini-review is to provide an up-to-date survey of the various techniques, approaches, and applications of rBCG-based vaccines for targeting infectious diseases other than TB.
Keywords: bacillus calmette-guerin; bacterial vector; infectious diseases; recombinant BCG; vaccine development.
Copyright © 2021 Mouhoub, Domenech, Ndao and Reed.