Management strategies for vasovagal syncope

Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2021 Dec;44(12):2100-2108. doi: 10.1111/pace.14402. Epub 2021 Nov 23.


Vasovagal syncope (VVS) (or neurocardiogenic syncope) is a common clinical condition that is challenging to both physicians and patients alike. Severe episodes of recurrent syncope can result in physical injury as well as psychological distress. This article provides a brief overview of current management strategies and a detailed overview of therapeutic modalities such as closed loop stimulation (CLS) and cardioneuroablation (CNA).

Keywords: cardioneuroablation (CNA); dysautonomia; syncope; vasovagal syncope (VVS).

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Ablation Techniques
  • Algorithms
  • Cardiac Pacing, Artificial
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans
  • Quality of Life
  • Syncope, Vasovagal / diagnosis
  • Syncope, Vasovagal / etiology
  • Syncope, Vasovagal / therapy*