Uterine serous carcinoma: role of surgery, risk factors and oncologic outcomes. Experience of a tertiary center

Eur J Surg Oncol. 2022 Jan;48(1):268-274. doi: 10.1016/j.ejso.2021.10.011. Epub 2021 Oct 26.


Objective: To evaluate factors impacting survival outcomes in patients with uterine serous carcinoma (USC).

Methods: Data of consecutive patients diagnosed with USC undergoing surgery between 2000 and 2020 at Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale Tumori of Milan (Italy) were reviewed. Progression-free (PFS) and overall survival (OS) outcomes were evaluated using Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazard models.

Results: Records of 147 consecutive patients meeting the inclusion criteria were analyzed. Stage distribution was: 67 (45.6%) patients with early-stage with uterine confined disease and 80 (54.4%) with advanced stages disease. Minimally invasive surgery was performed in 43 patients (29.5%). The median follow-up period was 78.6 months (IQ range = 35.7-117.3 months). The overall recurrence rate was 41% (60 patients): 19/67 patients (28.4%) with early-stage disease and 41/80 patients (51.3%) with advanced stage. The 5-year PFS rate was 35.0% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 27.5-44.7%). In multivariate analysis, age, BMI, depth of myometrial invasion, cytology, and optimal cytoreduction with postoperative residual tumor absent significantly impacted on PFS. The 5-year OS rates were 46.5% (95% CI: 38.1-56.8). The result of multivariate analysis showed that there was significant difference in OS based only on optimal cytoreduction and accuracy of retroperitoneal surgery.

Conclusions: In apparent early-stage USC, peritoneal and retroperitoneal staging allows to identify patients with disease harboring outside the uterus. Optimal cytoreduction is the most significant prognostic factor. Further collaborative studies are warranted in order to improve outcomes of USC patients.

Keywords: Prognostic factors; Staging; Surgery; Survival; Uterine serous carcinoma.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Carcinoma / pathology
  • Carcinoma / surgery*
  • Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hysterectomy*
  • Kaplan-Meier Estimate
  • Lymph Node Excision*
  • Lymph Nodes
  • Middle Aged
  • Myometrium / pathology
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Neoplasm, Residual
  • Neoplasms, Cystic, Mucinous, and Serous / pathology
  • Neoplasms, Cystic, Mucinous, and Serous / surgery*
  • Peritoneal Neoplasms / secondary
  • Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography
  • Progression-Free Survival
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / secondary
  • Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
  • Tertiary Care Centers