Assessing preferences for leisure activities of people receiving adult day services: a study protocol for concept mapping and psychometric testing

BMJ Open. 2021 Nov 9;11(11):e055069. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-055069.


Introduction: Leisure activities appear to be an important factor in maintaining and improving health in old age. To better understand what people want to do when visiting an adult day service (ADS), it is important to systematically assess their preferences. Currently, there is no instrument for assessing preferences for leisure activities for people receiving ADS. Accordingly, the planned study aims to develop or modify and psychometrically test an instrument to assess leisure activities preferences for use with people receiving ADS.

Methods and analysis: A mixed-method design with a participatory research approach was chosen for this study (Preferences for Everyday Living-Deutschland, PELI-D II). In the first step of this study, leisure activities will be identified on the basis of an evidence map. In the second step, the results from the evidence map will be empirically supplemented, and leisure activities will be categorised and prioritised within a concept mapping approach by people who receive ADS. Subsequently, based on this categorisation, either an instrument that was piloted in a previous study (PELI-D I) will be modified or an instrument with a focus on preferences for leisure activities in ADS will be explored. In the last step of this study, the instrument will be psychometrically tested. Data will be analysed via content analysis as well as descriptive and inferential statistics and statistical tests. The results will be presented in various tables and graphs (eg, pattern matching).

Ethics and dissemination: This study was approved by the ethics committee of the Witten/Herdecke University (application number 226/2020). The results will be made available to the public at (inter)national conferences, in peer-reviewed articles and in articles for practitioners.

Keywords: health services administration & management; protocols & guidelines; quality in health care.

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Leisure Activities*
  • Psychometrics
  • Research Design*