Human chronic myeloid leukemic cell line with positive Philadelphia chromosome exhibits megakaryocytic and erythroid characteristics

Exp Hematol. 1987 Sep;15(8):822-32.


A cell line (LAMA-84) has been established from the blood of a patient with chronic myeloid leukemia in acute phase. LAMA-84 cells retained the patient's chromosome abnormalities, i.e., triplication of all chromosomes except chromosome 18, the presence of Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome in 4-5 copies, and the presence of chromosome markers. LAMA-84 cells have morphological features of undifferentiated blast cells, but analyses have indicated that they belong to the megakaryocytic lineage; platelet peroxidase (PPO) was found in 8.5% of cells; LAMA-84 cells reacted spontaneously with poly- and monoclonal antibodies against the platelet glycoproteins (GP) IIb, IIIa, and the GPIIb/IIIa complex, whose presence was confirmed by crossed immunoelectrophoresis. LAMA-84 cells lack the membrane characteristics of lymphoid and mature granulocytic cells but do, however, react with certain antibodies to immature myeloid cells. Furthermore, they are positive with an antiglycophorin antibody, and contain alpha- and gamma-globin mRNA, thus demonstrating erythroid marker expression. Thus LAMA-84 is a tripotent, megakaryocytic, erythroid, and granulocytic cell line. The megakaryocytic and erythroid markers were enhanced by the addition of DMSO, butyrate, TPA, and hemin. The LAMA-84 cell line represents an interesting tool for the study of megakaryocytic and erythroid differentiation and the mechanisms of neoplastic growth.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Antigens, Surface / analysis
  • Cell Division
  • Cell Line*
  • Cytogenetics
  • Erythrocytes / physiology*
  • Female
  • Histocytochemistry
  • Humans
  • Leukemia, Myeloid / genetics
  • Leukemia, Myeloid / immunology
  • Leukemia, Myeloid / pathology*
  • Leukemia, Myeloid / physiopathology
  • Megakaryocytes / physiology*
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Philadelphia Chromosome*


  • Antigens, Surface