Screening and surveillance of venous stenosis in AVG: Is it time to rethink our assumptions?

J Vasc Access. 2023 Sep;24(5):873-878. doi: 10.1177/11297298211055611. Epub 2021 Nov 11.


Guidelines make no firm recommendations about surveillance of arteriovenous grafts as several randomised trials (RCT) have not shown a clear benefit in patency. However a more thorough review of these RCT based on epidemiological principles reveals significant limitations. In particular a key weakness of these older studies is the interventions performed for venous stenosis detected that was largely angioplasty. However, the observational data of modern stent-grafts shows a clear benefit over angioplasty, and thus seems to suggest that a modern well considered RCT is now mandated.

Keywords: Surveillance; arteriovenous graft; randomised trials; vascular access; venous stenosis.

Publication types

  • Editorial

MeSH terms

  • Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical*
  • Constriction, Pathologic
  • Graft Occlusion, Vascular / surgery
  • Humans
  • Renal Dialysis
  • Stents
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vascular Diseases*
  • Vascular Patency