Deriving Large-Scale Coastal Bathymetry from Sentinel-2 Images Using an HIGH-Performance Cluster: A Case Study Covering North Africa's Coastal Zone

Sensors (Basel). 2021 Oct 22;21(21):7006. doi: 10.3390/s21217006.

Abstract

Coasts are areas of vitality because they host numerous activities worldwide. Despite their major importance, the knowledge of the main characteristics of the majority of coastal areas (e.g., coastal bathymetry) is still very limited. This is mainly due to the scarcity and lack of accurate measurements or observations, and the sparsity of coastal waters. Moreover, the high cost of performing observations with conventional methods does not allow expansion of the monitoring chain in different coastal areas. In this study, we suggest that the advent of remote sensing data (e.g., Sentinel 2A/B) and high performance computing could open a new perspective to overcome the lack of coastal observations. Indeed, previous research has shown that it is possible to derive large-scale coastal bathymetry from S-2 images. The large S-2 coverage, however, leads to a high computational cost when post-processing the images. Thus, we develop a methodology implemented on a High-Performance cluster (HPC) to derive the bathymetry from S-2 over the globe. In this paper, we describe the conceptualization and implementation of this methodology. Moreover, we will give a general overview of the generated bathymetry map for NA compared with the reference GEBCO global bathymetric product. Finally, we will highlight some hotspots by looking closely to their outputs.

Keywords: HPC; North Africa; Sentinel-2; bathymetry; remote sensing.

MeSH terms

  • Africa, Northern
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Geographic Information Systems*
  • Oceanography
  • Oceans and Seas*