Assessment of the Possibility of Using Fly Ash from Biomass Combustion for Concrete

Materials (Basel). 2021 Nov 7;14(21):6708. doi: 10.3390/ma14216708.


This article analyses the possibility of using fly ash from the combustion of wood-sunflower biomass in a fluidized bed boiler as an additive to concrete. The research shows that fly ash applied in an amount of 10-30% can be added as a sand substitute for the production of concrete, without reducing quality (compression strength and low-temperature resistance) compared to control concrete. The 28-day compressive strength of concrete with fly ash increases with the amount of ash added (up to 30%), giving a strength 28% higher than the control concrete sample. The addition of fly ash reduces the extent to which the compression strength of concrete is lowered after low-temperature resistance tests by 22-82%. The addition of fly ash in the range of 10-30% causes a slight increase in the water absorption of concrete. Concretes containing the addition of fly ash from biomass combustion do not have a negative environmental impact with respect to the leaching of heavy metal ions into the environment.

Keywords: biomass; concrete; fly ash; low-temperature resistance; mechanical properties.