Cardiac Transplantation in Danon Disease

J Card Fail. 2022 Apr;28(4):664-669. doi: 10.1016/j.cardfail.2021.11.007. Epub 2021 Nov 11.


Background: Danon disease (DD) is a rare X-linked dominant cardioskeletal myopathy caused by mutations in the lysosome-associated membrane protein-2 (LAMP-2) gene that is usually lethal without cardiac transplantation. The purpose of this study was to characterize post-transplant outcomes in a large cohort of patients with DD who underwent cardiac transplantation.

Methods: The clinical phenotype and outcome data of patients with DD who underwent cardiac transplantation (n = 38; 19 males and 19 females) were obtained from 8 centers. Study outcomes included graft survival, defined as death or retransplantation, and episodes of acute cellular and antibody-mediated rejection and cardiac allograft vasculopathy at 1 year.

Results: Median follow-up time after transplantation for the entire cohort was 4.4 years (IQR: 1.5-12.8 years). The median age at transplant for the cohort was 20.2 years (15.8-27.9 years), with no difference in age between sexes. Median pretransplant left-ventricular ejection fraction for the entire cohort was 30% (range 11%-84%). Males had higher pretransplant aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase and creatine phosphokinase levels than females (P < 0.001). There were 2 deaths in the entire cohort and 2 retransplants. There was no difference in actuarial graft survival between males and females (P = 0.8965); the estimated graft survival was 87.1% (95%CI: 63.6%-95.9%) at 5 years. One episode (2.7%) of antibody-mediated rejection, grade 2, and 7 episodes (19%) of acute cellular rejection, grade 2 or 3, were reported in patients who survived to discharge (6 females and 1 male; P = 0.172).

Conclusions: Heart transplantation outcomes are acceptable in DD with high probabilities of 5-year graft survival for males and females suggesting that cardiac transplantation is an effective treatment option for DD patients.

Keywords: Danon Disease; Genetic Cardiomyopathies; Heart Failure; Heart Transplant; Outcomes Research.

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Glycogen Storage Disease Type IIb* / diagnosis
  • Glycogen Storage Disease Type IIb* / genetics
  • Glycogen Storage Disease Type IIb* / surgery
  • Graft Rejection / epidemiology
  • Heart Failure*
  • Heart Transplantation*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Stroke Volume
  • Ventricular Function, Left