The effects of eye masks on post-operative sleep quality and pain in school-age children with CHD

Cardiol Young. 2021 Nov 15;1-5. doi: 10.1017/S1047951121004480. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to explore the effects of eye masks on the sleep quality and pain of school-age children with CHD after surgery.

Methods: Forty school-age children with CHD who underwent open-heart surgery in the Cardiac Surgery Department of a provincial hospital in China from January 2020 to December 2020 were selected. The children were randomly divided into the experimental group (n = 20) and the control group (n = 20). Children in the control group were given routine sleep care, and the children in the experimental group were given a sleep intervention with eye masks for three nights following the removal of tracheal intubation. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index was used to evaluate the sleep quality of the children. The Children's Pain Behaviour Scale was used to evaluate the pain of the children.

Results: After three nights of receiving the eye masks intervention, the sleep quality scores of the children in the experimental group were significantly lower than those of the control group, the difference was statistically significant (p < 0.05) and the sleep quality of the children in the experimental group was higher. The pain scores of the children in the experimental group were significantly lower than those of the children in the control group, the difference was statistically significant (p < 0.05), and the children in the experimental group suffered less post-operative pain.

Conclusion: Eye masks are a simple, safe and economical intervention, that is beneficial for improving the post-operative sleep quality and relieving post-operative pain in school-age children with congenital heart disease.

Keywords: Eye masks; congenital heart disease; pain; school-age children; sleep quality.