ORCCA: Optimal Randomized Canonical Correlation Analysis

IEEE Trans Neural Netw Learn Syst. 2021 Nov 17;PP. doi: 10.1109/TNNLS.2021.3124868. Online ahead of print.


Random features approach has been widely used for kernel approximation in large-scale machine learning. A number of recent studies have explored data-dependent sampling of features, modifying the stochastic oracle from which random features are sampled. While proposed techniques in this realm improve the approximation, their suitability is often verified on a single learning task. In this article, we propose a task-specific scoring rule for selecting random features, which can be employed for different applications with some adjustments. We restrict our attention to canonical correlation analysis (CCA) and provide a novel, principled guide for finding the score function maximizing the canonical correlations. We prove that this method, called optimal randomized CCA (ORCCA), can outperform (in expectation) the corresponding kernel CCA with a default kernel. Numerical experiments verify that ORCCA is significantly superior to other approximation techniques in the CCA task.