Oteseconazole: an advance in treatment of recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis

Future Microbiol. 2021 Dec:16:1453-1461. doi: 10.2217/fmb-2021-0173. Epub 2021 Nov 16.


Recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC) has significant disease, financial and quality-of-life burdens, affects women from all strata of society worldwide, and lacks an approved therapeutic solution. Fluconazole emerged in 2004 as an antifungal for RVVC; it provides symptom control and has been accepted worldwide as a first-line treatment. Its limitations include the development of resistance and a high rate of vulvovaginal candidiasis recurrence after therapy cessation. There is now an improved treatment option on the horizon: oteseconazole - a novel, oral, selective fungal cytochrome P450 enzyme 51 inhibitor, designed to avoid off-target toxicities. In clinical studies to date, oteseconazole has demonstrated impressive efficacy, a positive tolerability profile and hope for a superior RVVC treatment option.

Keywords: CYP51; Candida; VT-1161; antifungal; fungal lanosterol demethylase; oteseconazole; recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis; vaginitis; vulvovaginal candidosis.

Plain language summary

Lay abstract Many women are affected by vaginal fungal infections, also called yeast infections. These infections can affect normal daily activities and have negative emotional and financial effects as well, especially for women who have yeast infections repeatedly. There is no US FDA-approved treatment for repeated yeast infections although the symptoms are often managed with a prescription antifungal medication, fluconazole. However, using fluconazole can have health risks, especially when it is used repeatedly over months or years. Another problem is that the yeasts that cause the infection can become resistant to the treatment. A new medication has been developed and tested in clinical studies and may soon provide women with an effective treatment option for repeated yeast infections that is also safer.

MeSH terms

  • Antifungal Agents / therapeutic use
  • Candida albicans
  • Candidiasis, Vulvovaginal* / drug therapy
  • Candidiasis, Vulvovaginal* / microbiology
  • Female
  • Fluconazole / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Recurrence


  • Antifungal Agents
  • Fluconazole