lncRNA DDGC participates in premature ovarian insufficiency through regulating RAD51 and WT1

Mol Ther Nucleic Acids. 2021 Oct 20;26:1092-1106. doi: 10.1016/j.omtn.2021.10.015. eCollection 2021 Dec 3.

Abstract

The list of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) that participate in the function of ovarian granulosa cells (GCs) is rapidly expanding, but the mechanisms through which lncRNAs regulate GC function are not yet fully understood. Here, we recognized a minimally expressed lncRNA RP4-545C24.1 (which we named DDGC) in GCs from patients with biochemical premature ovarian insufficiency (bPOI). We further explored the role of lncRNA DDGC in GC function and its contribution to the development of bPOI. Mechanistically, silencing DDGC downregulated RAD51 by competitively binding with miR-589-5p, and this resulted in significant inhibition of DNA damage repair capacity. In addition, decreased expression of DDGC promoted ubiquitin-mediated degradation of Wilms tumor 1 (WT1) protein through interactions with heat shock protein 90 (HSP90), which led to aberrant differentiation of GCs. Moreover, DDGC was able to ameliorate the etoposide-induced DNA damage and apoptosis in vivo. Taken together, these findings provide new insights into the contribution of lncRNAs in POI pathogenesis.

Keywords: RAD51; WT1; granulosa cells; lncRNA; premature ovarian insufficiency.