Imaging findings of primary adrenal tumors in pediatric patients

Diagn Interv Radiol. 2021 Nov;27(6):811-815. doi: 10.5152/dir.2021.20701.


Apart from neuroblastomas, adrenal tumors are rarely seen in children. The most common adrenal tumors are adrenocortical carcinoma and pheochromocytoma. Adrenocortical carcinoma is usually a large heterogeneous, well-marginated mass with solid/cystic areas and calcifications, with poor prognosis. Most of the pheochromocytomas are benign tumors and usually show intense contrast enhancement, the pattern of which may be diffuse, mottled, or peripheral on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. The purpose of this article is to evaluate primary nonneurogenic adrenal tumors.

MeSH terms

  • Adrenal Gland Neoplasms* / diagnostic imaging
  • Calcinosis*
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Neuroblastoma* / diagnostic imaging
  • Pheochromocytoma* / diagnostic imaging
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed