Testing depth of suppression in childhood intermittent exotropia

J AAPOS. 2022 Feb;26(1):36-38.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jaapos.2021.08.303. Epub 2021 Nov 16.


A test of suppression was developed to provide a standardized approach to detecting and grading density of suppression in children with intermittent exotropia when manifestly exotropic. This new Office Suppression Test is a three-step procedure to grade suppression on a 4-point scale (from 0 for "negligible suppression" to 3 for "dense suppression"). The test was performed in 57 children 3-13 years of age with intermittent exotropia (distance angle of 16Δ-35Δ, with spontaneous tropia) during enrollment in a randomized trial. Of the 57 children, 51 could complete testing: 28 (55%) had dense suppression, 12 (24%) had moderate suppression, 5 (10%) had mild suppression, and 6 (12%) had negligible suppression. In a subgroup of 20 untreated children, suppression was evaluated again at 8 weeks. There was moderate agreement between suppression scores at baseline and at 8 weeks (weighted κ = 0.65 [95% CI, 0.45-0.84]).

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Chronic Disease
  • Exotropia* / diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Visual Acuity