A novel herpes-like virus inducing branchial lesions in a tiger shark ( Galeocerdo cuvier)

Vet Pathol. 2022 Mar;59(2):348-352. doi: 10.1177/03009858211052662. Epub 2021 Nov 18.


A juvenile, male tiger shark (Galeocerdo cuvier) developed illness after capture in Florida waters and was euthanized. Gross lesions included mild skin abrasions, hepatic atrophy, and coelomic fluid. Histologically, gills contained multifocal lamellar epithelial cell necrosis and thromboses. Scattered gill and esophageal epithelial cells had large, basophilic, intracytoplasmic, and intranuclear inclusions. Ultrastructurally, lamellar epithelial cells contained arrays of intracytoplasmic viral particles and scattered intranuclear nucleocapsids. Capsulated virions were 148 ± 11 nm with an 84 ± 8 nm icosahedral nucleocapsid and an electron-dense core. Next-generation sequencing, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and in situ hybridization performed on formalin-fixed tissue confirmed a herpes-like viral infection. The viral polymerase shared 24% to 31% protein homology with other alloherpesviruses of fish, indicating a divergent virus. This report documents the pathologic findings associated with a molecularly confirmed novel herpes-like virus in an elasmobranch.

Keywords: Galeocerdo cuvier; branchitis; gill; herpesvirus; in situ hybridization; tiger shark.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Male
  • Sharks*