Prevention of Emerging Infections in Children

Pediatr Clin North Am. 2022 Feb;69(1):185-202. doi: 10.1016/j.pcl.2021.08.006.

Abstract

Prevention of emerging infections in children is a dynamic arena where substantial medical advances have enabled intervention and prevention of infection outbreaks. This article discusses 5 infections causing significant morbidity and mortality across Asia, Latin America, and Africa. Avian influenza and the Middle East respiratory syndrome are highly contagious zoonoses spread through aerosol and droplets, affecting predominantly Asia. Dengue infection and chikungunya are endemic mosquito-borne viruses in tropical regions across Asia, Latin America, and Africa. Ebola is a highly contagious virus spread through human-to-human contact. The latest information in clinical manifestations, infection, prevention control, chemoprophylaxis, vaccination, and public health measures is reviewed.

Keywords: Avian influenza; Chikungunya; Dengue; Ebola; Emerging infections; Middle-East respiratory syndrome; Prevention.

Publication types

  • Review