Introduction: Osteoporosis is a condition where bones lose mass and strength. It is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in women, especially those of post-menopausal age. It is estimated that 30% of postmenopausal women globally suffer from osteoporosis. This study aimed to assess knowledge, health beliefs, and associated factors towards the prevention of osteoporosis among post-menopausal women in Metu Town, southwest Ethiopia, 2021.
Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 422 post-menopause women. A simple random sampling technique was employed to select study participants. Data was collected using a structured interviewer-administered questionnaire. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were condcuted to identify factors significantly associated with the outcome variable.
Results: The results showed that 38.4% and 44.5% of participants had adequate knowledge and positive health beliefs towards the prevention of osteoporosis. Age, marital status, educational status, employment status, and self and family history of osteoporosis were significantly associated with knowledge. Age, educational status, self and family history of osteoporosis, and sources of information were significantly associated with health beliefs.
Conclusion: More than 40% of participants had adequate knowledge and positive health beliefs. Being younger, better educated, and having a personal and family history of osteoporosis increased the odds of having adequate knowledge and positive health beliefs. Being employed and getting information from families and friends had a significant association with higher odds of adequate knowledge and positive health beliefs.
Keywords: Health belief; Knowledge; Osteoporosis; Post-menopause; Southwest Ethiopia.
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