Comprehensive diagnostic catheterization in children with major aortopulmonary collateral arteries: A review of catheterization technique and anatomic nomenclature

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2022 Mar;99(4):1129-1137. doi: 10.1002/ccd.30013. Epub 2021 Nov 20.


Achieving an optimal surgical result in patients with major aortopulmonary collateral arteries (MAPCAs) requires a thorough preoperative evaluation of the anatomy and physiology of the pulmonary circulation. This review provides a detailed description of diagnostic catheterization in patients with MAPCAs, including a summary of catheterization techniques, an overview of commonly used terms, and a review of MAPCA and pulmonary artery angiographic anatomy.

Keywords: angiography; cardiac surgery; pulmonary artery; tetralogy of Fallot.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Catheterization
  • Child
  • Collateral Circulation
  • Heart Defects, Congenital*
  • Humans
  • Pulmonary Artery / diagnostic imaging
  • Pulmonary Artery / surgery
  • Pulmonary Atresia* / surgery
  • Tetralogy of Fallot* / surgery
  • Treatment Outcome