The scaffold of TIQ-A, a previously known inhibitor of human poly-ADP-ribosyltransferase PARP1, was utilized to develop inhibitors against human mono-ADP-ribosyltransferases through structure-guided design and activity profiling. By supplementing the TIQ-A scaffold with small structural changes, based on a PARP10 inhibitor OUL35, selectivity changed from poly-ADP-ribosyltransferases towards mono-ADP-ribosyltransferases. Binding modes of analogs were experimentally verified by determining complex crystal structures with mono-ADP-ribosyltransferase PARP15 and with poly-ADP-ribosyltransferase TNKS2. The best analogs of the study achieved 10-20-fold selectivity towards mono-ADP-ribosyltransferases PARP10 and PARP15 while maintaining micromolar potencies. The work demonstrates a route to differentiate compound selectivity between mono- and poly-ribosyltransferases of the human ARTD family.
Keywords: ADP-ribosylation; ADP-ribosyltransferase; PARP; Structure-guided inhibitor design; TIQ-A.
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