Evaluation of a Theory-Informed Pediatric Rapid Response Training Program Using the Logic Model

Hosp Pediatr. 2021 Dec 1;hpeds.2021-005895. doi: 10.1542/hpeds.2021-005895. Online ahead of print.


Background and objectives: The activators of rapid-response (RR) events tasked with recognition of clinical decompensation, initial management, and response activation seldom receive RR training. RR activators often experience negative emotions of "failure to rescue" that can compromise team performance during RRs. We used the logic model framework for development and evaluation of an educational program grounded in self-determination theory for pediatric RR activators.

Methods: The program unfolded in a large quaternary pediatric hospital to impart knowledge and skills; foster autonomy, competence, and relatedness; and improve participants' satisfaction with performance in RRs. Logic model-guided inputs-activities-outputs-outcomes-context for program evaluation. Preintervention-postintervention follow-up surveys and interviews generated data to determine outcomes and impact of the program. The evaluation instruments were tested for validity and internal consistency.

Results: Over 4 years, 207 multidisciplinary RR activators were trained. Iterative modifications yielded a workshop that incorporated multiple learning modalities, a standardized learner-centered case bank, formalized evaluation tools, and a database to track participation. Significant improvements in RR-related knowledge, self-efficacy, and self- determination were noted. Workshop evaluation yielded a mean score of 4.85 (0.27) on a 5-point scale. At 6-months follow-up survey and interviews, participants reported application of the knowledge and increased confidence with participation in real-life RR events. The workshop gained traction across the hospital, was associated with improved RR clinical outcomes, and contributed to professional advancement of the educators.

Conclusions: We successfully implemented a self-determination theory-informed RR training program for pediatric RR activators, and the logic model framework was used to facilitate comprehensive evaluation.