Same-Day Discharge Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasty: Trends, Complications, and Readmission Rates

J Arthroplasty. 2022 Mar;37(3):444-448.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2021.11.023. Epub 2021 Nov 19.


Background: Although total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are transitioning to surgery centers, there remain limited data on trends, comorbidities, and complications in patients discharged the same day of surgery. In addition, many studies are limited to the Medicare population, excluding a large proportion of outpatient surgery patients.

Methods: Primary, elective THA/TKA cases between 2010 and 2017 were retrospectively identified using the PearlDiver All-Payer Database and separated based on surgery as well as same-day discharge (SDD) or non-SDD. Data were collected on demographics, rates, comorbidities, and complications. Multivariable logistic regression determined adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for 90-day complications requiring readmission for each group.

Results: In total, 1,789,601 (68.8% TKA, 31.2% THA) patients were identified where 2.9% of TKAs and 2.2% of THAs were SDD. Annual SDD rates are increasing, with a 15.8% mean annual change for SDD-THA and 11.1% for SDD-TKA (P < .001). SDD patients were younger with fewer comorbidities (P < .001). Regression analysis showed an overall slightly higher OR of complications requiring readmission for SDD-TKA vs non-SDD-TKA (OR 1.14, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.07-1.21, P < .001). There was no significant difference for SDD-THA vs non-SDD-THA (OR 1.03, 95% CI 0.94-1.13, P = .49). In univariate analysis, SDD-THA vs SDD-TKA had more mechanical complications (P < .001), but less pulmonary embolisms (P < .001). Regression analysis showed a slightly higher risk of complications for SDD-THA vs SDD-TKA (OR 1.19, 95% CI 0.99-1.44, P = .05).

Conclusion: The prevalence of SDD is rising. SDD-THA is increasing more rapidly than SDD-TKA. SDD patients are generally younger with fewer comorbidities. SDD-TKA has slightly higher odds of complications requiring readmission than non-SDD-TKA. SDD-THA and SDD-TKA have different complication profiles.

Keywords: outpatient joint replacement; outpatient total hip arthroplasty; outpatient total joint arthroplasty; outpatient total knee arthroplasty; same-day discharge.

MeSH terms

  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip* / adverse effects
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee* / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Length of Stay
  • Patient Discharge
  • Patient Readmission
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors