Pediatric Forefoot Deformities

Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 2022 Jan;39(1):73-87. doi: 10.1016/j.cpm.2021.08.002.


This article explores different pediatric forefoot deformities including syndactyly, polydactyly, macrodactyly, curly toe, and congenital hallux varus. The epidemiology and genetic background are reviewed for each condition. Preferred treatment options and recommended surgical techniques are discussed with review of the current literature.

Keywords: Congenital hallux varus; Curly toe; Macrodactyly; Polydactyly; Syndactyly; Underlapping fifth toe.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Foot Deformities* / diagnosis
  • Foot Deformities* / epidemiology
  • Foot Deformities* / etiology
  • Hallux*
  • Humans
  • Polydactyly*