Objectives: To analyze the appearance of duodenal tubulovillous adenoma on multi-slice spiral CT images to facilitate early diagnosis and treatment to potentially improve prognosis.
Methods: We retrospectively analyzed clinical data and CT imaging findings of 11 cases of duodenal tubulovillous adenomas, all confirmed by pathology. The location, size, shape, CT density, relationship with surrounding structures, accompanying bile duct obstruction, and enhancement pattern of each lesion were documented.
Results: All 11 lesions occurred in the descending part of the duodenum. Ten cases occurred in the duodenal papilla area. Nine cases had a low-density ring sign or semicircle sign between the lesion and the adjacent normal intestinal wall on axial images. Eight cases had differing degrees of bile duct dilatation, five of which had concomitant pancreatic duct dilatation. Noncontrast images revealed uniform soft tissue density; contrast enhanced images showed moderate, mostly uniform enhancement, with the most enhancement in the venous phase. In the arterial phase, two lesions showed linear enhancing vessels.
Conclusions: On multi-slice spiral CT imaging, duodenal tubulovillous adenomas have certain characteristics that could be used for clinical diagnosis and treatment.
Precis: On multi-slice spiral CT imaging of duodenal tubulovillous adenoma, findings of nodular or cauliflower-like shape, uniform density, uniform moderate enhancement, and a peripheral low-density ring sign could improve diagnostic accuracy.
Keywords: CT; Duodenal cancer; Duodenum; Tubulovillous adenoma.
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